complete

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English

Etymology

From Middle English compleet (full, complete), borrowed from Old French complet or Latin completus, past participle of compleō (I fill up, I complete) (whence also complement, compliment), from com- + pleō (I fill, I fulfill) (whence also deplete, replete, plenty), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₁- (to fill) (English full).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kəmˈpliːt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːt
  • Hyphenation: com‧plete

Verb

complete (third-person singular simple present completes, present participle completing, simple past and past participle completed)

  1. (transitive) To finish; to make done; to reach the end.
    He completed the assignment on time.
  2. (transitive) To make whole or entire.
    The last chapter completes the book nicely.

Usage notes

  • This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing). See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Synonyms

Related terms

Translations

Adjective

complete (comparative completer or more complete, superlative completest or most complete)

  1. With all parts included; with nothing missing; full.
    My life will be complete once I buy this new television.
    She offered me complete control of the project.
    After she found the rook, the chess set was complete.
    • 2012 March-April, Terrence J. Sejnowski, “Well-connected Brains”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 171:
      Creating a complete map of the human connectome would therefore be a monumental milestone but not the end of the journey to understanding how our brains work.
  2. Finished; ended; concluded; completed.
    When your homework is complete, you can go and play with Martin.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      In the eyes of Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke the apotheosis of the Celebrity was complete. The people of Asquith were not only willing to attend the house-warming, but had been worked up to the pitch of eagerness. The Celebrity as a matter of course was master of ceremonies.
  3. Generic intensifier.
    He is a complete bastard!
    It was a complete shock when he turned up on my doorstep.
    Our vacation was a complete disaster.
  4. (analysis, of a metric space) In which every Cauchy sequence converges to a point within the space.
  5. (algebra, of a lattice) In which every set with a lower bound has a greatest lower bound.
  6. (mathematics, of a category) In which all small limits exist.
  7. (logic, of a proof system of a formal system with respect to a given semantics) In which every semantically valid well-formed formula is provable.[1]
    • Gödel's first incompleteness theorem showed that Principia could not be both consistent and complete. According to the theorem, for every sufficiently powerful logical system (such as Principia), there exists a statement G that essentially reads, "The statement G cannot be proved." Such a statement is a sort of Catch-22: if G is provable, then it is false, and the system is therefore inconsistent; and if G is not provable, then it is true, and the system is therefore incomplete.WP
  8. (computing theory, of a problem) That is in a given complexity class and is such that every other problem in the class can be reduced to it (usually in polynomial time or logarithmic space).
    • 2007, Yi-Kai Liu, The Complexity of the Consistency and N-representability Problems for Quantum States, page 17:
      QMA arises naturally in the study of quantum computation, and it also has a complete problem, Local Hamiltonian, which is a generalization of k-SAT.
    • 2009, Sanjeev Arora and Boaz Barak, Computational Complexity: A Modern Approach, page 137:
      BPP behaves differently in some ways from other classes we have seen. For example, we know of no complete languages for BPP.

Synonyms

Antonyms

Hyponyms

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

complete (plural completes)

  1. A completed survey.
    • 1994, industry research published in Quirk's Marketing Research Review, Volume 8, p. 125; Research Services Directory Blue Book, published by the Marketing Research Association, p 552; and Green Book, Volume 32, published by the New York Chapter, American Marketing Association, p. 451
      “If SSI says we're going to get two completes an hour, the sample will yield two Qualifieds to do the survey with us.”
    • 2013, Residential Rates OIR webinar published by PG&E, January 31, 2013
      “…our market research professionals continue to advise us that providing the level of detail necessary to customize to each typical customer type would require the survey to be too lengthy and it would be difficult to get enough completes.”
    • 2016, "Perceptions of Oral Cancer Screenings Compared to Other Cancer Screenings: A Pilot Study", thesis for Idaho State University by M. Colleen Stephenson.
      “Don’t get discouraged if you’re on a job that is difficult to get completes on! Everyone else on the job is most likely struggling, and there will be easier surveys that you will dial on.”

Further reading

  • complete in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • complete in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

References

  1. ^ Sainsbury, Mark [2001] Logical Forms : An Introduction to Philosophical Logic. Blackwell Publishing, Hong Kong (2010), page 358.

Anagrams


Interlingua

Adjective

complete (comparative plus complete, superlative le plus complete)

  1. complete

Italian

Adjective

complete f pl

  1. Feminine plural of adjective completo.

Latin

Verb

complēte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of compleō

Portuguese

Verb

complete

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of completar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of completar
  3. first-person singular imperative of completar
  4. third-person singular imperative of completar

Spanish

Verb

complete

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of completar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of completar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of completar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of completar.